Islamic Tolerance Values in the Digital-based Teaching for Elementary School in Cirebon City

  • Farihin Farihin State Islamic Institute (IAIN) of Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
Keywords: digital era, digital-based teaching, Islam tolerance, multiculturalism

Abstract

This paper aims to find out how the implementation of Islamic-based tolerance values in Digital-Based Elementary Schools, supporting and inhibiting factors, and success in implementing Islamic-Based tolerance values in Digital-Based Elementary Schools in Cirebon City West Java, Indonesia. This writing is a qualitative descriptive writing with a phenomenological approach. Data in this paper was collected using observation techniques, in-depth interviews, documentation, and triangulation. Meanwhile, to analyze the data obtained, the author uses data reduction, data presentation, and data verification. Based on the research results, the implementation of Islamic-based tolerance values in Digital-Based Elementary Schools in Cirebon City is carried out by: 1) provide opportunities for all students to take part in religious learning in accordance with their respective religious beliefs; 2) fostering a tolerant environment in all classes (learning about differences, fostering mutual trust, upholding mutual understanding, and upholding mutual love); and 3) fostering a deeper understanding of Islam among students (tolerance value). Government policies that provide guidelines for advancing the ideals of religious tolerance, adequate facilities, and the realization of collaboration between students in religious activities are all supporting aspects. Ability level, differences in students' emotional maturity, lack of resources (such as learning media), and lack of time to learn are some of the variables that hinder learning.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdulla, MR (2018). Culture, Religion, and Freedom of Religion or Belief. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 16(4), 102–115. https://doi.org/10.1080/15570274.2018.1535033
Al-Attas, MN (1980). The concept of education in Islam. Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur.
Al-Hafiz, MHK, & Salleh, MJ (2015). The philosophy and objectives of education in Islam. IIUM Proceedings.. Malaysia, IIUM.
Alhashmi, M., & Moussa-Inaty, J. (2021). Professional learning for Islamic education teachers in the UAE. British Journal of Religious Education, 43(3), 278–287. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2020.1853046
Ali, N., Afwadzi, B., Abdullah, I., & Believers, MI (2021). Interreligious Literacy Learning as a Counter-Radicalization Method: A New Trend among Institutions of Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 32(4), 383–405. https://doi.org/10.1080/09596410.2021.1969978
Alipour, M. (2017). Islamic shari'a law, neotraditionalist Muslim scholars and transgender sex-reassignment surgery: A case study of Ayatollah Khomeini's and Sheikh al-Tantawi's fatwas. International Journal of Transgenderism, 18(1), 91–103. https://doi.org/10.1080/15532739.2016.1250239
Aown, NM (2011). A place for informal learning in teaching about religion: The story of an experienced non-Muslim teacher and her learning about Islam. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27(8), 1255–1264. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2011.07.005
Avon, D. (2016). Islam and the Future of Tolerance: A Dialogue. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 27(4), 491–493. https://doi.org/10.1080/09596410.2016.1148885
Baer, AL, & Glasgow, JN (2010). Negotiating Understanding Through the Young Adult Literature of Muslim Cultures. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54(1), 23–32. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1598/JAAL.54.1.3
Banks, JA, & Banks, CAM (2019). Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives. John Wiley & Sons.
Bennett, CI (1986). Comprehensive multicultural education: Theory and practice. Allyn and Bacon Boston.
Berggren, N., Ljunge, M., & Nilsson, T. (2019). Roots of tolerance among second-generation immigrants. Journal of Institutional Economics, 15(6), 999–1016. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1017/S1744137419000316
Berglund, J. (2019). State-Funded Faith-Based Schooling for Muslims in the North. Religion & Education, 46(2), 210–233. https://doi.org/10.1080/15507394.2019.1590943
Bilgili, N. . (2015). Religiosity and tolerance in Turkey: Is Islam the problem? Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 15(4), 473–494. https://doi.org/10.1080/14683857.2015.1063794
BinTaleb, A. (2021). Learning about Islam and Islamic civilization through a webquest: Perspectives from pupils and their teacher. British Journal of Religious Education, 43(2), 218–227. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2020.1735997
Boamah, E., & Salahshour, N. (2022). Information culture: exploring Muslims' values and attitudes to information when facing discrimination at New Zealand universities. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 17(1), 56–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/1177083X.2021.1940218
Brill Olcott, M. (2017). Freedom of Religion, Tolerance, and Security in Central Asia. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 15(3), 24–34. https://doi.org/10.1080/15570274.2017.1354473
Casmana, AR, Dewantara, JA, Timoera, DA, Kusmawati, AP, & Syafrudin, I. (2022). Global citizenship: preparing the younger generation to possess pro-environment behavior, mutual assistance and tolerance awareness through school engagement. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767724.2021.2013167
Chanifah, N., Hanafi, Y., Mahfud, C., & Samsudin, A. (2021). Designing a spirituality-based Islamic education framework for young Muslim generations: a case study from two Indonesian universities. Higher Education Pedagogies, 6(1), 195–211. https://doi.org/10.1080/23752696.2021.1960879
Coles, MI (2004). Education and Islam: a new strategic approach. Race Equality Teaching, 22(3).
Dangubić, M., Verkuyten, M., & Stark, TH (2021). Understanding (in)tolerance of Muslim minority practices: a latent profile analysis. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 47(7), 1517–1538. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2020.1808450
Denzin, NK, & Lincoln, YS (2011). The Sage handbook of qualitative research. sage.
Hi, TL, Min, X., Qi, CC, & Ting, SW (2013). China's language input system in the digital age affects children's reading development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(3), 1119–1123. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1213586110
Hobbs, R., Cabral, N., Ebrahimi, A., Yoon, J., & Al-Humaidan, R. (2011). Field-Based Teacher Education in Elementary Media Literacy as a Means to Promote Global Understanding. Action in Teacher Education, 33(2), 144–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/01626620.2011.569313
Horton, J. (1993). Liberalism, Multiculturalism and Toleration BT - Liberalism, Multiculturalism and Toleration (J. Horton (ed.); pp. 1–17). Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-22887-4_1
K̲h̲ān̲, V. (2002). The true jihad: the concepts of peace, tolerance, and non-violence in Islam. good word.
Kuo, HH, Yang, SW, & Kuo, YC (2011). A Character Experiential Learning System: An Animated Vignette Creating Tool. Advanced Materials Research, 267, 221–226. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.267.221
Kurth, L., & Glasbergen, P. (2017). The influence of populism on tolerance: a thematic content analysis of the Dutch Islam debate. Culture and Religion, 18(3), 212–231. https://doi.org/10.1080/14755610.2017.1358194
Ladson-Billings, G. (2004). New directions in multicultural education. Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education, 2, 50–65.
Latif, M., & Hafid, E. (2021). multicultural attitudes in an Islamic boarding school of South Sulawesi–Indonesia. Cogent Education, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2021.1968736
Leuven, KU (2017). Teaching for Toleration in Pluralist Liberal Democracies. Democracy & Education, 25(1), 1–12.
Lintner, T. (2005). A World of Difference: Teaching Tolerance through Photographs in Elementary School. The Social Studies, 96(1), 34–37. https://doi.org/10.3200/TSSS.96.1.34-37
Lovat, T., Clement, N., Dally, K., & Toomey, R. (2010). Addressing issues of religious difference through values education: an Islam instance. Cambridge Journal of Education, 40(3), 213–227. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305764X.2010.504599
Mayhew, MJ, & Rockenbach, AN (2021). Interfaith Learning and Development. Journal of College and Character, 22(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/2194587X.2020.1860778
Moleong, LJ (2021). Qualitative research methodology. PT Youth Rosdakarya.
Mueller, C. (2012). The Educational Philosophy and Curriculum of the Palestinian Nationalist Movement: From Arab Palestine to Arab-Islamic Palestine. Middle Eastern Studies, 48(3), 345–362. https://doi.org/10.1080/00263206.2012.661721
Murphy, C., Abu-Tineh, A., Calder, N., & Mansour, N. (2021). Teachers and students' views prior to introducing inquiry-based learning in Qatari science and mathematics classrooms. Teaching and Teacher Education, 104, 103367. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103367
Musaddat, S., Suarni, NK, Dantes, N., & Putrayasa, IB (2021). Social Characteristics and Local Wisdom in Sasak Folklore: Reconstruction of the Development of Digital Story Books in Elementary Schools BT - Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Education and Social Science (ACCESS 2020). 178–182. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210525.069
Novalic, F., Novalic, M., Saracevic, M., Hadzic, M., & Kalac, N. (2022). The influence of electronic education on students of Islamic science. International Social Science Journal, 72(243), 159–174. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/issj.12300
Ormond, M., & Vietti, F. (2022). Beyond multicultural 'tolerance': guided tours and guidebooks as transformative tools for civic learning. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 30(2–3), 533–549. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2021.1901908
Rissanen, I. (2012). Teaching Islamic education in Finnish schools: A field of negotiations. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28(5), 740–749. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2012.02.001
Rissanen, I., & Sai, Y. (2018). A comparative study of how social cohesion is taught in Islamic religious education in Finland and Ireland. British Journal of Religious Education, 40(3), 337–347. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2017.1352487
Rissanen, I., Tirri, K., & Kuusisto, E. (2015). Finnish Teachers' Attitudes About Muslim Students and Muslim Student Integration. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 54(2), 277–290. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/jssr.12190
Saeed, A. (1999). Towards religious tolerance through reform in Islamic education: The case of the state institute of Islamic studies of Indonesia. Indonesia and the Malay World, 27(79), 177–191. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639819908729941
Saraeian, S., & Shirazi, B. (2022). Digital twin-based fault tolerance approach for Cyber–Physical Production System. ISA Transactions. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isatra.2022.03.007
Schweitzer, F. (2007). Religious individualization: new challenges to education for tolerance. British Journal of Religious Education, 29(1), 89–100. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200601037551
Sciortino, R., Marcoes Natsir, L., & Mas'udi, MF (1996). Learning from Islam: Advocacy of reproductive rights in Indonesian Pesantren. Reproductive Health Matters, 4(8), 86–96. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S0968-8080(96)90305-5
Shah-Kazemi, R. (2012). The spirit of tolerance in Islam. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Sleeter, C., & Grant, C. (2011). An Analysis of Multicultural Education in the United States. Harvard Educational Review, 57(4), 421–445. https://doi.org/10.17763/haer.57.4.v810xr0v3224x316
Sözeri, S., Altinyelken, HK, & Volman, MLL (2022). The role of mosque education in the integration of Turkish–Dutch youth: perspectives of Muslim parents, imams, mosque teachers and key stakeholders. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 45(16), 122–143. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2021.2015419
Starrett, G. (1998). Putting Islam to work: Education, politics, and religious transformation in Egypt (Vol. 25). Univ of California Press.
Tapanes, MA, Smith, GG, & White, JA (2009). Cultural diversity in online learning: A study of the perceived effects of dissonance in levels of individualism/collectivism and tolerance of ambiguity. The Internet and Higher Education, 12(1), 26–34. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2008.12.001
Toffler, A. (2022). The third wave: The classic study of tomorrow. bantam.
Trisiana, A. (2021). A New Paradigm of Character Education During Covid-19 Pandemic: Comparative Analysis Towards Digital Revolution BT - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Character Education (ICCE 2020). 17–29. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210204.003
Tuhvatullin, AH, Byiyk, IA, & Karimova, LK (2017). To The Problem Of Peculiarities Of Teaching Disciplines In Religious ( Muslim) Educational Institutions. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods.
Twining, P., Raffaghelli, J., Albion, P., & Knezek, D. (2013). Moving education into the digital age: the contribution of teachers' professional development. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 29(5), 426–437. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/jcal.12031
Tyler, A. (2008). Islam, the West, and tolerance: conceiving coexistence. Springer.
Ubani, M., & Keränen-Pantsu, R. (2018). Evolving cultures of religious education: new perspectives on research, policies and practices. Journal of Beliefs & Values, 39(2), 127–131. https://doi.org/10.1080/13617672.2018.1472894
Unstad, L., & Fjørtoft, H. (2021). Disciplinary literacy in religious education: the role and relevance of reading. British Journal of Religious Education, 43(4), 434–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2020.1754164
Van der Veer, P. (1994). Syncretism, multiculturalism and the discourse of tolerance. Syncretism/Anti-Syncretism: The Politics of Religious Synthesis, 196–211.
van Liere, L. (2014). Teasing 'Islam': 'Islam' as the Other Side of 'Tolerance' in Contemporary Dutch Politics. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 29(2), 187–202. https://doi.org/10.1080/13537903.2014.903669
Verkuyten, M., & Slooter, L. (2007). Tolerance of Muslim beliefs and practices: Age related differences and context effects. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31(5), 467–477. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025407081480
Wakhidah, N., & Erman, E. (2022). Examining environmental education content on Indonesian Islamic religious curriculum and its implementation in life. Cogent Education, 9(1), 2034244. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2022.2034244
Wekke, IS, & Mokodenseho, S. (2017). Religious Teaching and Learning in Minority Muslim of Manado Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Education, Science, and Technology (ICEST 2017). 187–189. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2991/icest-17.2017.62
Williamson, SD (2022). Education in the digital age. Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, 3(1), 39–52. https://doi.org/10.18261/ISSN1891-943X-2008-01-04
Wilson, HF (2014). The Possibilities of Tolerance: Intercultural Dialogue in a Multicultural Europe. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(5), 852–868. https://doi.org/10.1068/d13063p
Yin, RK, & K. Yin, R. (2011). Qualitative Research from Start to Finish. In The Guilford Press. The Guildford Press. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Zhou, K., Sauve, LJ, Richardson, SE, Ford-Jones, EL, & Morris, SK (2017). Enteric Fever in a Multicultural Canadian Tertiary Care Pediatric Setting: A 28-Year Review. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, 6(1), 98–101. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpids/piw007
Published
2022-12-31
How to Cite
Farihin, F. (2022). Islamic Tolerance Values in the Digital-based Teaching for Elementary School in Cirebon City. Dinamika Ilmu, 22(2), 471-494. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v22i2.6369